Hip dysplasia, or a dislocation of the hip, is a condition which causes instability and difficulty walking. Continue reading to learn more about hip dysplasia and the orthopedic treatment options available for this condition.
Types of Hip Dysplasia
Developmental dysplasia of the hip, or DDH, occurs among infants and may be present from birth or develop within the first months of a person’s life. DDH may subside without treatment, but can cause severe disability if not addressed early. Hip dysplasia may also become apparent during adolescence or adulthood.
Causes of Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia is caused by a misalignment of the femur’s head within the acetabulum, a socket located in the pelvis. During development, the femoral head may move upwards out of its proper location within the acetabulum, resulting in the formation of a shallow socket. When a person with hip dysplasia begins to walk, the head of the femur will not be stable within the acetabulum.
Identification of Hip Dysplasia
There are a number of symptoms which may indicate that a person has hip dysplasia. Common symptoms of DDH include one leg which looks shorter than the other, an abnormally wide distance between the legs, and limited mobility or flexibility in one leg. For those who experience hip dysplasia as adults, symptoms may include difficulty walking, pain in the groin, a grinding sensation within the hip joint, and a clicking sound when the leg is moved.
Treatment for Hip Dysplasia
If hip dysplasia is identified early, it may be possible to correct the condition through non-surgical methods, such as the use of a harness to hold the leg in its proper position. For adults with hip dysplasia, non-surgical treatment methods often address the symptoms, rather than the cause, of the condition and can include joint supplements and anti-inflammatory medications. Surgical treatments are also available for both children and adults and may include reshaping the bone, redirecting the joint socket, and hip replacement.
An orthopedic surgeon can provide you with additional information on the diagnosis and treatment of hip dysplasia. To learn more, visit our website or call OrthoCarolina today at (704) 323-2778.